September 19, 2021

Ibuprofen Side Effects

As a popular pain killer, ibuprofen is used by individuals around the world to treat inflammation, high fevers and pain. Individuals often use this medication to lessen symptoms of dysmenorrhea, proctitis, neuralgia, toothaches and gout. Some people also find it useful as a pain remedy for migraines, arthritis and injuries.

Ibuprofen was approved by the FDA in 1975. This medication works by preventing an enzyme from making the chemicals that cause pain, inflammations or fever. As a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug, ibuprofen should not be used at the same time as lithium. When used in conjunction with lithium, ibuprofen can inhibit the secretion of lithium by the body and cause kidney damage. This medication should also not be used with any anti-coagulants because it can cause the blood to thin. Patients who take ibuprofen and anti-coagulants may find it impossible to stop any bleeding if they are cut or bruised.

Ibuprofen Side Effects

Although ibuprofen is available over-the-counter, it still carries certain risks. Individuals who use ibuprofen may suffer from an upset stomach or nausea. They may also develop constipation, bloating or abdominal cramps.

The following side effects may occur while patients are using ibuprofen:

– Muscle pains or cramping
– Jaundice
– Dyspepsia
– Vomiting
– Nausea
– Fatigue
– Drowsiness
– Diarrhea
– Indigestion
– Heartburn
– Changes in appetite
– Constipation
– Problems hearing or seeing
– Dizziness
– Headaches
– Unusual weight gain
– Alopecia
– Problems urinating
– Swelling in the hands or in the feet
– Rashes
– Mood changes
– Confusion
– Dry mouth or dry eyes
– Photosensitivity

Some of these side effects are not related to risks of using the drug. Rather, certain individuals may experience an allergic reaction to ibuprofen. When someone develops an allergy to this medication, they will often experience hives, itching, swelling, rashes, tightness in the chest, dizziness or problems breathing. In the worst cases, someone with an allergy may go into anaphylactic shock. If this occurs, patients should immediately seek emergency care.

Serious Side Effects of Ibuprofen

On very rare occasions, ibuprofen can cause conjunctivitis, optic neuritis, urticarial, gynecomastia or menorrhagia. Patients may experience side effects like hepatitis, bullous pemphigoid or gingival ulcer. Since ibuprofen is a blood thinner, it can make patients bleed for longer if they receive a cut or bruise. Some patients may develop gastric ulcers, pancreatitis or duodenal ulcers.

This medication can also worsen preexisting conditions like congestive heart failure, asthma, dementia or psychological disorders. If individuals experience any of these symptoms, they should immediately seek emergency medical care. In rare cases, patients may suffer from renal failure or develop problems with their kidneys. Patients with these symptoms need to see a doctor right away.

Precautions for Children

Children are susceptible to the same side effects that adults are. Some children may see a rise in asthma attacks or suffer abdominal pain. Young children are also at risk for developing Stevens-Johnson syndrome. If possible, parents should avoid giving their child ibuprofen. Children who have kidney problems should also not take ibuprofen.

Ibuprofen During Pregnancy

Studies do not indicate any additional for pregnant or nursing women unless they are in the third trimester. Any woman who is in the last three trimesters should not take ibuprofen. This medication can place the woman at higher risk of miscarriage, prolonged labor or excessive bleeding. Women may also develop problems with their fetal ductus arteriosus.

The majority of people who take ibuprofen will not develop any side effects. Individuals who are on other medications or suffer from health problems should talk with their doctor before taking ibuprofen. Although the risk of side effects is low, it is still possible. Patients who experience side effects should always schedule appointment with their doctor. Your doctor may recommend that you stop using ibuprofen or take lower dosages. If you experience serious side effects, you should immediately go to an emergency room to get help.