April 27, 2018

Nitric Oxide Side Effects

Nitric oxide is used in the United States to fix pulmonary issues for neonatal patients. It is not approved by the FDA for older children or adults. This medicine is a last-resort used by doctors to increase the amount of oxygen being received in the brain. Although it can save an infant’s life, it can also cause a series of side effects. As a supplement, bodybuilders will actually take nitric oxide to boost the flow of oxygen to their muscles. Nitric oxide has developed a cult following among work out fanatics, but it still carries some serious side effects that patients should be aware of.

Nitric Oxide Side Effects in Adults

With bodybuilders, nitric oxide is taken to help increase muscle mass and speed up the recovery process. Bodybuilders report experiencing common side effects like headaches, nausea or sever migraines. Some individuals have also reported an increased incidence of diarrhea and general feelings of weakness.

For adults taking nitric oxide, feelings of weakness can be alarming. Individuals may collapse while they are working out or find it difficult to lift weights. Other side effects include skin irritation, rapid heartbeat and dry mouth. Patients may experience itching, vomiting or breathing problems. Weight lifters may also experience high blood pressure, hypertension, hyperglycemia or hypotension. Nitric oxide messes with the way the body functions and is not intended to be used as a supplement for extended periods of time or in high dose.

Side Effects of Nitric Oxide in Neonatal Patients

In neonatal patients, nitric oxide is generally taken in its gaseous form. When it is used as a gas, the FDA only allows neonatal patients to be the recipients of the drug. Athletes who use nitric oxide normally take it at their own risk in a capsule or pill form.

nitric oxide side effects in babyAmong infants, nitric oxide has been reported to increase the levels of nitric dioxide in the body. One clinical study of neonatal patients showed that nitric oxide increased the levels of methemoglobin in 35 percent of patients. After the patient stopped receiving nitric oxide, the levels of methemoglobin in their body returned to normal after a few hours.

Children who take nitric oxide may suffer from a drop in their blood pressure known as hypotension. A lower blood pressure in infants can cause less oxygen to be transported throughout the body. If left untreated, the brain will not receive enough oxygen and could suffer long-term damage. Infants may also develop a blood glucose level that is higher than normal known as hyperglycemia. In severe cases of hyperglycemia, patients may develop headaches, feel thirstier, or urinate more often. Some children might even have blood in their urine. If any of these symptoms appear, parents should always bring the issues up with their pediatrician.

Some children can suffer from breathing problems after they take nitric oxide. Since nitric oxide is taken to cure breathing problems, it might not be an actual side effect. Instead, it could be a sign that nitric oxide is not working for that particular patient. There are reports of the infant’s lung collapsing or other breathing problems. Ant child that is taking nitric oxide should be continuously monitored by medical practitioners to ensure their safety.

About Nitric Oxide

Nitric oxide is intended for only neonatal use. Since it carries serious risks, it is only supposed to be used as a last resort for infants who are having problems breathing. Although it has developed a following among athletes and bodybuilders, it is not intended to be used in non-life threatening situations. It carries potential side effects and is not worth the risk for patients who do not require its use.

Patients who take nitric oxide should always consult with their qualified medical practitioner first. This drug should only be used under a doctor’s supervision. If a patient experiences side effects, they should immediately visit their doctor or medical practitioner for further advice and treatment.